Medications (including prescribed and over-the-counter “OTC” medications) can be necessary for addressing and controlling conditions and diseases. While some medications are critical for health, some can substantially increase the risk of dementia. One example is anticholinergic medication (used for urinary issues, COPD, stomach problems, and mood disorders) however in older patients, they can increase the risk of dementia and cognitive decline. It’s important to weigh the risks and benefits of all medications by talking to health care providers about what medication would work best. Since over-the-counter medications can also be detrimental or anticholinergic, avoiding these medications such as “PM” medications can be important for your brain health.